Anti-Smog Roadmap for Żywiec at the halfway
The joint project of the Forum Energii and the City of Żywiec is at its halfway point. It is time to summarize the preliminary results. The National Energy Conservation Agency, which works on behalf of the Forum Energii, has completed the energy audit of the city. Currently we are making preliminary diagnoses and defining the next steps.
A team of analysts from the Interdisciplinary Department of Energy Analyses at National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ) was also involved in the project. A scientific institution, commissioned by the National Centre for Research and Development, together with the Ministry of Energy and the AGH University of Science and Technology, is working on a project of legislative, business and software solutions for the implementation of clusters within the KlastER project.
The aim of the "Anti-Smog Roadmap" project that started in June this year is to prepare a concept and strategy for reducing smog from heating in Żywiec by 2030. This goal can be achieved in a few steps:
1. Improvement of energy efficiency in buildings
2. Eliminating the old coal-fired furnaces
3. Modernisation of the district heating system
4. Combating energy poverty
We want Żywiec to become a good example for other cities in Poland. We want to show that defeating smog is possible. We see the determination of local authorities, willingness to cooperate and social mobilization - says Dr. Joanna Maćkowiak-Pandera, President of Forum Energii. We plan to publish our report at the beginning of 2020. - she adds.
I would like to thank all the inhabitants, organizations and institutions for their openness in sharing information, ideas and challenges with the researchers. We manage to build a critical mass in order to chase away the smog from Żywiec. We will keep you informed about the results - adds the Mayor of Żywiec, Antoni Szlagor.
What is the status of the project?
We have completed 200 simplified energy audits and 80 interviews with the inhabitants of Żywiec. We visited every street in Żywiec to assess the energy efficiency of buildings. We cooperate with municipal companies and the Social Welfare Centre (MOPS). The actions taken so far allowed us to get an idea of the state of thermomodernization, what is the structure of fuels used for heating and what are the sources and level of emission. In Żywiec, 55 thousand tons of coal is used annually for heating purposes. Annually, the costs of heat in the city amount to PLN 74 million. The inhabitants pay over PLN 90 million a year for environmental pollution caused by health loss.
The improvement of energy efficiency in buildings will be a major challenge for the city. There is still a lot to be done - says Dr. Arkadiusz Węglarz, a member of the research team from the National Energy Conservation Agency.
The energy awareness of the society is growing and the costs of technology are falling. This gives local communities the opportunity to choose clean, cheap sources of heat and electricity. Our goal, realized within the framework of the KlastER project, is to help in choosing the most cost-effective solutions. Żywiec may be one of several cities that will be included in the research within this project - says dr inż. Karol Wawrzyniak from the National Centre for Nuclear Research.
Will it be possible and to what extent will it be possible to increase the share of renewable energy or waste energy in the mix? How to reduce heat demand in buildings? When will air pollution be reduced? What will be the costs of the change? Where to get the money from? How not to deepen the scale of energy poverty? And how much will all this cost? - These questions will be answered at the next stage of the project.
Initiative "Anti-Smog Roadmap for Żywiec. Clean air through clean heat until 2030", is implemented within the project "International Cooperation Forum - Clean heat" and funded by the European Climate Initiative - EUKI and the German Ministry of the Environment.